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During the coronavirus pandemic, office and retail tenants seek arguments for rent reductions and/or extensions of payment periods, or even termination of leases. This is an extremely acute issue, particularly for retail catering establishments, gymnasiums and educational institutions whose activities are currently suspended. The status of the parties to a commercial lease agreement related to the COVID 19 outbreak depends on whether the premises are located in a shopping centre (i.e. a commercial building with a retail area of more than 2,000 square metres), whether the tenant`s activity has been temporarily prohibited and whether the outbreak results in losses to the tenant. The anti-crisis shield does not regulate any other issues relating to leases other than the temporary expiry of contracts in shopping centres, the possibility of extending the tenancy period by the tenant and the prohibition of termination of contracts and rents by the landlord (the possibility of extending the duration of the tenancy by the tenant and the prohibition of termination of contracts and rents by the landlord are mentioned in the section: extension and prohibition of termination of contracts). With respect to this rule, it should be taken into account that, according to the practice of the court, section 401 of the BGB applies to liability for non-compliance with an obligation (e.g.B. in considering the issue of a late payment sanction) and is not used to provide an exemption from the performance of the agreement (e.g., the issue of rent exemption/rent reduction) [1] Despite the fact that there are no examples in practice today similar to the current pandemic situation, it appears that Sections 416 and 417 of the Civil Code can be applied to companies whose activities have been officially suspended. With regard to rental contracts in shopping centres, Article 15th of the Law of 2 March 2020 on Special Solutions for the Prevention, Control and Control of COVID-19, Other Infectious Diseases and the Crisis Situations They Cause (introduced by the amendment of 31 March 2020) provides for the expiry of the reciprocal obligations of the parties to the lease agreement during the duration of the ban on activity. »